Haroof-e-Muqataat | Disjointed Letter | حروف مقطعات

Haroof-e-Muqataat or disjointed letters combination of few letters or alphabets that appears at the start of 29 surahs of the Noble Quran. Muqataat literally means shortened or abbreviated but is explained as disjoined Arabic letters. So read them separately not together although they are written together. For example, الم is Harrof-e-Muqataat but it will be read separately as 3 Arabic alphabets, “Alif, Laam, Meem.” This unique combination is also called Fawatih (فواتح) or opener. Here we will also see that Madd will come on some of these letters. So, the student must understand the Madd. There will be two types of Madds:

  • Short Madd: It’s a thin wavy line over a letter that prolongs the letter for 2-3 seconds.
  • Long Madd: It’s a thick wavy line over a letter which prolongs the letter for 4seconds.

There are 14 Alphabets appears as Muqataat in different surahs of the Quran. Those letters are as below:

AlifHaaRaaSeenSaudTauAynQaufKaafLaamMeemNoonHaahYaa
أحرسص ط ع ق ك    لمنهي
Muqataat

These letters sometimes come in a group of 2,3,4, or 5 but sometimes come alone like Surah Qauf (ق)and Surah Saud (ص). Fourteen disjoint letters are half of the total 28 Arabic Alphabets. This is an interesting numerical miracle of the noble Quran.

Haroof-e-Muqataat meanings are still unclear and are thought by most Muslims scalars to be Divine secrets. The secret, the meaning of these letters is unknown to everyone but Allah. It has been the extensive research and discussion by the Islamic scalar. There have been many opinions but no consensus in those opinions. Moreover! There must be some purpose for these Arabic alphabets. Prophet of Allah Muhammad PBUH also did not explain them in any detail because Allah Almighty decided not to disclose it to anyone including His Prophet PBUH.

Huroof-e-Muqataat Significance

Narrated from Abdullah bin Masud that Prophet Muhammad PBUH said:

Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, then he receives the reward from it, and the reward of ten the like of it. I do not say that Alif Lam Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter.

Tirmidhi