Arabic Alphabets Pronunciation | Makharij

Pronunciation

Pronunciation is the way, A letter or a word of a language is spoken. It is the sequences of sounds used in a specific dialect. Or we can say it simply the speaking of a word or language correctly. Arabic Alphabets must be read with proper pronunciation.

Makharij

Makharij is the articulation points of letters. It is defined as The place in the mouth that originates the sound of the letter. Mukharij acknowledges the correct position of organs of speech so that letter becomes different from other. Student must learn these Makharij to learn Quran Kareem with tajweed.

Lesson for beginners to learn Arabic Alphabets Pronunciation

In this section, Each Arabic Alphabet proper Pronunciation and Makharij are tried to explain so that one can read them correctly. There are 29 alphabets in the Arabic language. All of them have some specific articulation points and different sound. 1st Alphabet “Alif” used for stretching. Moreover, there are two types of sounds of letters:

1-Light or thin sound: Sound comes out of mouth.

2-Heavy or thick sound: Sound remain in the mouth, and mouth becomes full.

Some unique properties of all Arabic Alphabets by which their sound differ from each other are as under:

29 Arabic Alphabets | Properties

ALIF

  • Alif is the name of 1st letter.
  • It is a simple dash.
  • It is a mud letter so, it is used for stretching letters.
  • Alif can be light or heavy depending on the letter join to it.
  • The sound of Alif comes from an empty part of the mouth and the throat.
Alif norani qaida

BAA

  • Letter name is Baa.
  • Baa, Taa, and Saa have a similar shape.
  • It has a dot under it.
  • It has a light sound.
  • Sound comes from the wet part of lips.
  • It pronounces when we bring both lips together.
Baa Arabic alphbets

TAA

  • Letter name is Taa.
  • It has two dots on its top.
  • Taa, Baa and Saa shapes are similar.
  • It has thin and jerks less sound.
  • Sound comes by pressing the tip of the tongue to the root of the upper Incisors.
  • It is pronounced on the top part another tip of the tongue.
TAA Arabic Alphabets

SAA

  • The letter name is Saa.
  • It has three dots on its top.
  • Saa, Baa and Taa have a similar shape.
  • Saa has a heavy sound.
  • It is like S of soft.
  • Sound comes by bringing out the tip of the tongue visible to people.
SAA arabic alphabets

JEEM

  • The letter name is Jeem.
  • It has one dot inside it.
  • Jeem, Haa and Khau have a similar shape.
  • Jeem has a long thin sound.
  • It is pronounced from the middle of the tongue and roof of the top of the mouth.
Jeem

HAA

  • The letter name is Haa.
  • Haa is dotless.
  • Haa, Jeem and Khau have a similar shape.
  • Pronounce it from the middle of the throat.
  • It is a light sharp letter.
  • Letter sound vibrates the middle of the throat.
HAA ARABIC LETTER

KHAU

  • The letter name is Khau.
  • It has a dot on top.
  • Khau, Jeem and Haa have a similar shape.
  • It is a heavy or thick letter.
  • Khau is pronounced from the top of the throat.
  • Letter sound vibrates the upper part of the throat.
KHAU HAROF E TAHAJI

DAAL

  • The letter name is Daal.
  • Daal has no Dot.
  • Daal shape is similar to Zaal.
  • It is a light letter.
  • The tip of the tongue goes towards the root of the upper Incisors.
  • It is a long pronouncing letter.
Daal arabic

ZAAL

  • The letter name is Zaal.
  • This letter has a dot on top.
  • Zaal shape is similar to Daal.
  • It is a light letter.
  • The sound is like soft Z.
  • It is pronounced long.
  • The tip of the tongue comes out and touches the upper Incisors.
Zaal qaida

RAA

  • The name of the letter is Raa.
  • Raa is dotless.
  • Raa shape is similar to Zaa.
  • It is a heavy letter but sometimes lights because of location.
  • Raa sound is like thick R.
  • The tongue back part touches the upper gums behind Incisors.
RAA NORANI QAIDA

ZAA

  • The letter name is Zaa.
  • Zaa has a dot on it.
  • Zaa shape is similar to Raa.
  • It is a light letter.
  • Pronounce by placing the tip of the tongue between teeth, slightly closer to the lower Incisors.
ZAA LETTER QAIDA

SEEN

  • The name of the letter is Seen.
  • It has no dot.
  • The seen shape is similar to Sheen.
  • Seen is light and long letter.
  • Its sound is like C.
  • Pronounce by placing the tip of the tongue between joining Incisors and a little push on top of the tongue.
SEEN NORANI QAIDA

SHEEN

  • The name of the letter is Sheen.
  • It has three-dot on it.
  • Sheen shape is similar to Seen.
  • It is a long letter.
  • It is pronounced by the middle of the tongue and top roof.
  • Sheen sound spread and fill the mouth.
SHEEN WITH TAJWED

SAUD

  • The name of the letter is Saud.
  • It has no dot.
  • Saud shape is similar to Daud.
  • It is a heavy letter.
  • Saud pronounced long.
  • Saud pronounces by pressing tongue with the bottom of the lower Incisors.
SUAD IN ARABIC

DAUD

  • The name of the letter is Daud.
  • It has a dot on its top.
  • Daud shape is similar to Saud.
  • Daud is a heavy and unique letter.
  • It pronounced long.
  • The tongue on both sides hits the upper molars.
DUAD LETTER ARABIC

TAU

  • The name of the letter is Tau.
  • It has no dot.
  • Tau shape is similar to Zau.
  • Tau is a heavy letter.
  • It has a thick jerking sound.
  • The tip of the tongue touches the root of upper incisors.
TUA THICK LETTER

ZAU

  • The name of the letter is Zau.
  • It has a dot on its top.
  • Zau and Tau have a similar shape.
  • It is a heavy letter.
  • Zau has a thick and soft voice.
  • The tip of the tongue should be visible.
ZUA HEAVY LETTER

AYN

  • The name of the letter is Ayn.
  • Ayn shape is similar to Ghayn.
  • It has a soft and jerking less sound.
  • It is a long and thin letter.
  • Pronounced from the middle of the throat.
AYN Articulation points of Arabic letters

GHAYN

  • The name of the letter is Ghayn.
  • It is a heavy or thick long letter.
  • Ghayn and Ayn have a similar shape.
  • Ghayn has a gurgling sound.
  • It is pronounced from the top of the throat.
GHAYN Articulation poinT

FAA

  • The name of the letter is Faa.
  • Faa shape is similar to Quaf.
  • It has a dot on its top.
  • Faa is a light letter.
  • Pronounced by joining edge of upper incisor to the inside of the lower lips.
FAA articulation point

QAUF

  • The name of the letter is Qauf.
  • It is the heave or thick letter.
  • Qauf and Faa shapes are similar.
  • It has two dots on it.
  • Pronounced by the back of the tongue closest to the throat.
QAAF THICK LETTER

KAAF

  • The name of the letter is Kaaf.
  • Kaaf sound matches Qauf.
  • It is a thin and long letter.
  • It pronounces from the back of the tongue closer to the mouth.
KAAF MAKHARIJ

LAAM

  • The name of the letter is Laam.
  • It has no dot.
  • Laam is the light letter.
  • Sound mustn’t go in the nose.
  • Pronounced when the tip of the tongue hits the gums of upper incisors.
LAAM MAKHARIJ

MEEM

  • The name of the letter is Meem.
  • It has no dot.
  • Meem is light and long letter.
  • It has some nasal sound.
  • Pronounced by closeup or joining of both lips.
MEEM MAKHARIJ

NOON

  • The name of the letter is Noon.
  • It has one dot in it.
  • It is a long letter.
  • Noon has a nasal sound.
  • Pronounced by joining the tip of the tongue with the root of upper incisors and gum.
NOON ALPHABET

WAUW

  • The name of the letter is Wauw.
  • It has no dot.
  • Wauw is a light long letter.
  • Pronounced when both lips together stick outside.
WAOW ARABIC

HAAH

  • The name of the letter is Haa.
  • It is just like the English H sound.
  • It is a light letter.
  • This is not sharp at all.
  • Pronounced by the deepest part of the throat.
HAAA PRONOUNCED

HAMZA

  • The name of the letter is hamza.
  • It is a light letter.
  • It has a sharp and also jerking sound.
  • Hamza is a vocal sound.
  • Pronounced by the deepest part of the throat.
HAMZA ARTICULATION

YAA

  • The name of the letter is Yaa.
  • It has two dots under it.
  • It is a light soft letter.
  • Pronounced by the middle of the tongue and roof of the mouth.
YAA ARABIC